Volume 10, Issue 2 (9-2023)                   J Jiroft Univ Med Sci 2023, 10(2): 1272-1282 | Back to browse issues page

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Bayat asghari A, Beheshti Z, Aramon A, Javaheri J, Mousanejad S. Comparing the Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Motivational Interviewing on Depression in Divorced Women. J Jiroft Univ Med Sci 2023; 10 (2) :1272-1282
URL: http://journal.jmu.ac.ir/article-1-714-en.html
1- PhD in Psychology, Health Assistant, Khomein Faculty of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran
2- Master of Nursing, Department of Nursing, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomein, Iran
3- Master of Educational Sciences, Health Assistance , Khomein Faculty of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Social and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
5- Public Health Expert, Farhangian School, Khomein, Khomein, Iran
Abstract:   (607 Views)
Introduction: Divorce, as one of the most important social phenomena, has many psychological  complications, among which is depression. Continuity of depression can affect a person's quality of life. Hence, it is necessary to adjust and treat these complications through various psychotherapies. As such, the aim of this research was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and interviewing on divorced women’s depression.
Materials and Methods: The current study used a semi-experimental pre-test and post-test design. The statistical population consisted of 260 divorced women aged between 20 to 50. Sixty of the aforementioned women were selected based on the inclusion criteria and then randomly assigned to three groups of cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interview therapy, and control group. The instrument for data collection was Reyes and Patterson's Anxiety Sensitivity Questionnaire. For the experimental groups, 12 treatment sessions of 75 minutes were held. Before the interventions and at the end of the study, people in all groups filled out the depression questionnaire. Data were entered into the SPSS software version 25 and then were analyzed.
Results: There was a significant difference between the three groups of cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interview, and the control group in the comparison of the mean score of depression variables (p<0.05). Also, there was a significant difference in the post-test stage (p<0.05) in the one-by-one comparison of the cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational interview therapy groups with the control group.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing are effective in reducing depression in divorced women. It is suggested to use this method along with other psychological and pharmaceutical interventions in order to reduce depression in divorced women as a clinical intervention.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Medical Sciences / Psychiatry
Received: 2023/06/9 | Accepted: 2023/09/12 | Published: 2023/09/20

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