Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2018)                   J Jiroft Univ Med Sci 2018, 5(1): 286-296 | Back to browse issues page

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darvishpoor K, Alizadeh Siuk H, Ramzani H. The impact of educational intervention based on Health Belief Model in relation to thalassemia on high school male students in Torbat Heydarieh in 2015. J Jiroft Univ Med Sci. 2018; 5 (1) :286-296
URL: http://journal.jmu.ac.ir/article-1-185-en.html
1- Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , darvishpoor.karim@gmail.com
2- Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Torbat Heydarieh University of Medical Sciences (THUMS), Torbat Heydarieh, Iran
3- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1856 Views)
Introduction: Thalassemia is the most common hereditary blood disorder in Iran. The high prevalence of thalassemia causes many problems for the patients, their families and the health care system. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the impact of educational intervention based on Health Belief Model in relation to thalassemia on high school male students in Torbat Heydarieh in 2015.
Methods: This is a semi-experimental study in which 200 high school students were selected through multistage random sampling and were divided into two groups of control and intervention. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity and reliability were verified and validated. The pre-test was performed for both groups. Data were entered into SPSS software and analyzed by statistical tests (T test, Independent T, Chi-square, Pearson Correlation).
Results: The mean age of the students was 15.70 ± 0.49. The results showed that mean and standard deviation of the constructs of Health Belief Model before and after the intervention were significantly increased in the test group, in all constructs including knowledge, perceived sensitivity, behavior, perceived severity and perceived benefits (p<0/001). Perceived barriers (p <0.04) were also significantly decreased which shows a better situation after the intervention.
Conclusion: The results of this study proved the effect of educational intervention on students’ beliefs about thalassemia. According to the importance of this disease, it is recommended that educational programs be developed for students especially in areas with high prevalence of the disease.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Sciences / Public Health
Received: 2018/04/26 | Accepted: 2018/07/21 | Published: 2018/08/20

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