Volume 5, Issue 2 (3-2019)                   J Jiroft Univ Med Sci 2019, 5(2): 27-34 | Back to browse issues page

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Prevalence of Preeclampsia in Pregnant Women Referred to Maternity Hospitals of Ayatollah Kashani in Jiroft and 12 Farvardin in Kahnuj in Year 1394 . J Jiroft Univ Med Sci. 2019; 5 (2) :27-34
URL: http://journal.jmu.ac.ir/article-1-236-en.html
Abstract:   (1458 Views)
Prevalence of Preeclampsia in Pregnant Women Referred to Maternity Hospitals of
Ayatollah Kashani in Jiroft and 12 Farvardin in Kahnuj in Year 1394

Fariba Behzadpour (Student BSc)1, Khadijeh Derini (Student BSc)1, Sareh Mehni (MSc)2* Habibeh Vaziri Nasab (MSc)3, Maryam Mirzaei (PhD)4
1Student, Department Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2Instructor, Department Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3Instructor, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4Assistant Professor, gynecologist, Department Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
 
Received: 27 sep.2018  Accepted: 28 Dec.2018
 
Introduction: Hypertensive disorders occur in 5-10 Percent of pregnancies. Among the types of hypertension disorders, preeclampsia syndrome, either alone or in combination with chronic hypertension, is considered to be the most dangerous one. Considering the lack of information on the prevalence of preeclampsia in the south of Kerman province, this study was primarily performed to estimate the prevalence of preeclampsia in this region and secondly to identify its risk factors.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was performed in 2016 on 2,000 pregnant women referred to maternity hospitals of Ayatollah Kashani in Jiroft and 12 Farvardin in Kahnuj. Age, smoking, alcohol and drug abuse, gravid and parity, multiple birth, BMI, history of stillbirth and abortion, history of hypertension, history of preeclampsia, history of hypertensive disorders in first degree relatives, history of gestational diabetes mellitus, history of kidney disorders, history of thyroid disorders, history of coagulation disorders, and history of hyperlipidemia were investigated as risk factors for developing preeclampsia. Data analysis was done using SPSS and running chi-square test.
Results: The prevalence of preeclampsia in the participants was 4.7 Percent. Among the studied variables, age (P= 0.016), history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy (P= 0.002), and high blood pressure (P= 0.008) had a significant relationship with preeclampsia prevalence.
Conclusion: Age, history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy, and high blood pressure can be considered as risk factors for developing preeclampsia.

 

Please cite this article as follows:
Behzadpour F, Derini Kh, Mehni S, Vaziri Nasab H, Mirzaei M. Prevalence of Preeclampsia in Pregnant Women Referred to Maternity Hospitals of Ayatollah Kashani in Jiroft and 12 Farvardin in Kahnuj in Year 1394. Journal of Jiroft University of Medical Sciences. 2018; 5 (2): 27- 34.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medical Sciences / Obstetrics and Gynecology
Received: 2019/02/10 | Accepted: 2019/02/10 | Published: 2019/02/10

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