Volume 7, Issue 3 (10-2020)                   J Jiroft Univ Med Sci 2020, 7(3): 404-413 | Back to browse issues page

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Khezriyan K, Zanjani Z, Rasouli Azad M. Investigating the comparison of cognitive-executive functions and emotional symptoms between individuals under methadone maintenance treatment and normal people. J Jiroft Univ Med Sci. 2020; 7 (3) :404-413
URL: http://journal.jmu.ac.ir/article-1-325-en.html
1- MSc, Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Science, Kashan, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran , z-zanjani2005@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of University of Raparrin, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Abstract:   (150 Views)
Background: Executive function is considered as the capacity of the human brain including the capacity for organization, cognitive flexibility, planning, problem solving, and so on. Long-term use of opiates such as heroin and methadone is associated with a wide range of executive functions deficits. The purpose of this study was to compare cognitive-executive function and emotional symptoms of people whit methadone maintenance treatment and normal people.
Materials and method: This study is a causal comparative study. The study sample consisted of two groups of 40 individuals of under methadone maintenance treatment and normal people who were selected by purposeful sampling. Research tools were: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Tower of London Test (TOL) and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-42 (DASS-42). Data were analyzed by SPSS-22 and independent t-test.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between methadone-treated individuals and normal people in cognitive flexibility (t= -2.48) and planning (t= -4.96) (p<0.001). The results of DASS-42 also showed that methadone-treated individuals experience more depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms than normal people (p <0.05).
Conclusion: Methadone-treated individuals perform poorer than normal people in terms of executive function, and experience more emotional symptoms. Therefore, these poor performances in the treatment of these individuals should be considered.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medical Sciences / Psychiatry
Received: 2019/12/27 | Accepted: 2020/07/26 | Published: 2020/09/22

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